Eritrea, how the dictatorship kills the free press

Our Special Correspondent
Saba Makeda
Somewhere in Eritrea, 3rd January 2014
(2 – continues)

In the first part of this story Saba Makeda
writes about the failed Eritrea Constitution
that the dictator didn’t want to implement.
You can find the article here

The demise of the independent press

The relationship between the state and private media had always been difficult and based on control and mistrust so much so that as early as 1990 the Mr Taha Mohmmed Nur, a former liberation fighter, and a respected elder gave up on efforts to establish a newspaper because the Ministry of Information was insisting to read everything before it was published.

Despite the difficulties by 2001 the Eritrean private press was very actively reporting on the issues affecting Eritrean in particular the issues raised by
(a) the students;
(b) the group of Eritrean intellectuals that became known as the G 13 and later the issues raised by
(c) 15 politicians that became known as the G 15.

At first, the government reacted  by trying to stifle the media by  arresting and conscripting the journalist. By June 2001 the Committee to Protect Journalist wrote to the Minister of Justice (Ms Fawzia Hashim) asking the whereabouts of 15 Eritrean Journalists who were believed to have been arrested or forcibly conscripted.

POSTERIt is a matter of  record not only that there never was a satisfactory reply but also that the situation deteriorated  to such an extent that by 18 September 2001 all the remaining independent journalist were arrested and all of the independent papers were closed. To date there is no independent press in Eritrea. There are no international correspondents in Eritrea.

Eritrea is presently a country where the only way for people to know what is going on is by word of mouth – bado seleste (03) , bado tsciate (09) ; or arbi harenet ( freedom Friday) . When the volcano exploded in the Danakil depression in 20012, most  Eritreans heard the news from the international media or from relatives in the areas affected.

Saba Makeda
Makedasaba@ymail.com
(2 – continues)

 

Eritrea, a Constitution on Paper that the Dictator has never Wanted to Implement

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Corrispondente dall'Africa, dove ho visitato quasi tutti i Paesi